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26 January 2022
 
  » arxiv » astro-ph/0107407

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Penetrating the Mask: The Gravitational Torque of Bars
D. L. Block ; R. Buta ; I. Puerari ; J. H. Knapen ; B. G. Elmegreen ; S. Stedman ; D. M. Elmegreen ;
Date 20 Jul 2001
Subject astro-ph
AffiliationUniv. Witwatersrand, South Africa), R. Buta (Univ. of Alabama, USA), I. Puerari (INAOE, Mexico), J. H. Knapen (ING, La Palma), B. G. Elmegreen (IBM, USA), S. Stedman (Univ. of Hertfordshire, UK), D. M. Elmegreen (Vassar College, USA
AbstractThe Hubble classification scheme of galaxies is based on blue-light appearance. Atlases reveal the rich variety of responses of the Population I component (the "mask") of gas and dust to the underlying, older, stellar population. However, the Population I component may only constitute 5 percent of the dynamical mass of the galaxy; furthermore, dusty masks are highly effective in hiding bars. In the 1960s, Ken Freeman presented a meticulous study of the dynamics of bars at a time when nonbarred galaxies were called "normal" spirals and barred galaxies were regarded as curiosities. Now we know that it is more "normal" for a galaxy to be barred than to be nonbarred. What is the range for gravitational torques of bars? We describe here a recently developed method for deriving relative bar torques by using gravitational potentials inferred from near-infrared light distributions. We incorporate a bar torque class into the Block/Puerari dust-penetrated galaxy classification system. We find a huge overlap in relative bar torque between Hubble (Sa, Sb, ...) and (SBa, SBb, ...) classifications. Application of the method to the high redshift universe is briefly discussed.
Source arXiv, astro-ph/0107407
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