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26 January 2022
  » arxiv » astro-ph/0109017

 Article overview

Scaling and correlation analysis of galactic images
P. Frick ; R. Beck ; E.M. Berkhuijsen ; I. Patrickeyev ;
Date 3 Sep 2001
Journal Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc. 327 (2001) 1145
Subject astro-ph
Affiliation1,2), R. Beck , E.M. Berkhuijsen , I. Patrickeyev (1,2) ( Inst. of Continuous Media Mechanics, Perm, Russia, MPI fuer Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany
AbstractDifferent scaling and autocorrelation characteristics and their application to astronomical images are discussed: the structure function, the autocorrelation function, Fourier spectra and wavelet spectra. We recommend as the optimal mathematical tool the wavelet spectrum with a suitable choice of the analysing wavelet. We introduce the wavelet cross-correlation function which enables to study the correlation between images as a function of scale. The wavelet cross-correlation coefficient strongly depends on the scale. The classical cross-correlation coefficient can be misleading if a bright, extended central region or an extended disk exists in the galactic images. An analysis of the scaling and cross-correlation characteristics of 9 optical and radio maps of the nearby spiral galaxy NGC 6946 is presented. The wavelet spectra allow to separate structures on different scales like spiral arms and diffuse extended emission. Only the images of thermal radio emission and Halpha emission give indications of 3-dimensional Kolmogorov-type turbulence on the smallest resolved scales (160-800 pc). The cross-correlations between the images of NGC 6946 show strong similarities between the images of total radio emission, red light and mid-infrared dust emission on all scales. The best correlation is found between total radio emission and dust emission. Thermal radio continuum and Halpha emission are best correlated on a scale of about 1’ simeq 1.6 kpc, the typical width of a spiral arm. On a similar scale, the images of polarised radio and Halpha emission are anticorrelated, which remains undetected with classical ross-correlation analysis.
Source arXiv, astro-ph/0109017
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