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11 April 2021
 
  » arxiv » cond-mat/0105491

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Fermi and Non-Fermi Liquid Behavior of Quantum Impurity Models: A Diagrammatic Pseudo-particle Approach
J. Kroha ; P. Wölfle ;
Date 25 May 2001
Journal Invited article, in "Theoretical Methods for Strongly Correlated Electrons", D. Senechal, A.-M. Tremblay, and C. Bourbonnais Eds., CRM Series in Mathematical Physics (Springer, New York, 2003)
Subject Strongly Correlated Electrons | cond-mat.str-el
AbstractWe review a systematic many-body method capable of describing Fermi liquid and Non-Fermi liquid behavior of quantum impurity models at low temperatures on the same footing. The crossover to the high temperature local moment regime is covered as well. The approach makes use of a pseudo-particle representation of the impurity Hilbert space in the limit of infinite Coulomb repulsion $U$ as well as for finite $U$. Approximations are derived from a generating Luttinger-Ward functional, in terms of renormalized perturbation theory in the hybridization $V$. Within a ``conserving T-matrix approximation’’ (CTMA), including all two-particle vertex functions, an infinite series of leading infrared singular skeleton diagrams is included. The local constraint is strictly enforced. Applied to the SU(N) $ imes$ SU(M) multichannel Anderson model the method allows to recover the Fermi liquid behavior of the single channel case, as well as the non-Fermi liquid behavior in the multi-channel case. The results are compared with the ``non-crossing approximation’’ (NCA) and with data obtained by the numerical renormalization group and the Bethe ansatz. The generalization of the method to the case of finite on-site repulsion $U$ is presented in a systematical way and solved on the level of a generalized NCA, fully symmetric with respect to all virtual excitations of the model.
Source arXiv, cond-mat/0105491
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