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09 July 2020
  » arxiv » physics/0103059

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Calculations of collisions between cold alkaline earth atoms in a weak laser field
M. Machholm ; Paul S. Julienne ; K.-A. Suominen ;
Date 20 Mar 2001
Journal Phys. Rev. A 64, 033425 (2001)
Subject Atomic Physics | physics.atom-ph
Affiliation The National University of Singapore, National Institute for Standards and Technology, University of Turku, Finland
AbstractWe calculate the light-induced collisional loss of laser-cooled and trapped magnesium atoms for detunings up to 50 atomic linewidths to the red of the ^1S_0-^1P_1 cooling transition. We evaluate loss rate coefficients due to both radiative and nonradiative state-changing mechanisms for temperatures at and below the Doppler cooling temperature. We solve the Schrodinger equation with a complex potential to represent spontaneous decay, but also give analytic models for various limits. Vibrational structure due to molecular photoassociation is present in the trap loss spectrum. Relatively broad structure due to absorption to the Mg_2 ^1Sigma_u state occurs for detunings larger than about 10 atomic linewidths. Much sharper structure, especially evident at low temperature, occurs even at smaller detunings due to of Mg_2 ^1Pi_g absorption, which is weakly allowed due to relativistic retardation corrections to the forbidden dipole transition strength. We also perform model studies for the other alkaline earth species Ca, Sr, and Ba and for Yb, and find similar qualitative behavior as for Mg.
Source arXiv, physics/0103059
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