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23 October 2019
 
  » arxiv » cond-mat/0205110

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Beware of density dependent pair potentials
A. A. Louis ;
Date 7 May 2002
Journal . Phys.: Condens. Matter 14 9187-9206 (2002) DOI: 10.1088/0953-8984/14/40/311
Subject Soft Condensed Matter; Materials Science | cond-mat.soft cond-mat.mtrl-sci
AbstractDensity (or state) dependent pair potentials arise naturally from coarse-graining procedures in many areas of condensed matter science. However, correctly using them to calculate physical properties of interest is subtle and cannot be uncoupled from the route by which they were derived. Furthermore, there is usually no unique way to coarse-grain to an effective pair potential. Even for simple systems like liquid Argon, the pair potential that correctly reproduces the pair structure will not generate the right virial pressure. Ignoring these issues in naive applications of density dependent pair potentials can lead to an apparent dependence of thermodynamic properties on the ensemble within which they are calculated, as well as other inconsistencies. These concepts are illustrated by several pedagogical examples, including: effective pair potentials for systems with many-body interactions, and the mapping of charged (Debye-Hückel) and uncharged (Asakura-Oosawa) two-component systems onto effective one-component ones.
Source arXiv, cond-mat/0205110
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