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06 October 2022
  » arxiv » 1512.9230

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Out-of-Plane Effects on the Superconductivity of Bi2Sr2CuO6+{delta} and Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+{delta}
Yan-Feng Lv ; Wen-Lin Wang ; Hao Ding ; Yang Wang ; Ying Ding ; Ruidan Zhong ; John Schneeloch ; G. D. Gu ; Lili Wang ; Ke He ; Shuai-Hua Ji ; Lin Zhao ; Xing-Jiang Zhou ; Can-Li Song ; Xu-Cun Ma ; Qi-Kun Xue ;
Date 31 Dec 2015
AbstractBy means of low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy, we report on the electronic structures of BiO and SrO planes of Bi2Sr2CuO6+{delta} (Bi-2201) superconductor prepared by argon-ion bombardment and annealing. Depending on post annealing conditions, the BiO planes exhibit either pseudogap (PG) with sharp coherence peaks and an anomalously large gap of 49 meV or van Hove singularity (VHS) near the Fermi level, while the SrO is always characteristic of a PG-like feature. This contrasts with Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+{delta} (Bi-2212) superconductor where VHS occurs solely on the SrO plane. We disclose the interstitial oxygen dopants ({delta} in the formulas) as a primary cause for the occurrence of VHS, which are located dominantly around the BiO and SrO planes, respectively, in Bi-2201 and Bi-2212. This is supported by the contrasting structural buckling amplitude of BiO and SrO planes in the two superconductors. Our findings provide solid evidence for the irrelevance of PG to the superconductivity in the two superconductors, as well as insights into why Bi-2212 can achieve a higher superconducting transition temperature than Bi-2201, and by implication, the mechanism of cuprate superconductivity.
Source arXiv, 1512.9230
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