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09 July 2020
 
  » arxiv » astro-ph/0403701

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A Two Micron All-Sky Survey View of the Sagittarius Dwarf Galaxy: II. Swope Telescope Spectroscopy of M Giant Stars in the Dynamically Cold Sagittarius Tidal Stream
Steven R. Majewski ; William E. Kunkel ; David R. Law ; Richard J. Patterson ; Allyson A. Polak ; Helio J. Rocha-Pinto ; Jeffrey D. Crane ; Peter M. Frinchaboy ; Cameron B. Hummels ; Kathryn V. Johnston ; Jaehyon Rhee ; Michael F. Skrutskie ; Martin Weinberg ;
Date 31 Mar 2004
Journal Astrophys.J. 619 (2005) 800-806; Astrophys.J. 619 (2005) 807-823
Subject astro-ph
AffiliationUVa), William E. Kunkel (LCO), David R. Law (UVa), Richard J. Patterson (UVa), Allyson A. Polak (UVa), Helio J. Rocha-Pinto (UVa), Jeffrey D. Crane (UVa), Peter M. Frinchaboy (UVa), Cameron B. Hummels (UVa), Kathryn V. Johnston (Wesleyan), Jaehyon Rhee
AbstractWe present moderate resolution (~6 km/s) spectroscopy of 284 M giant candidates selected from the Two Micron All Sky Survey photometry. Radial velocities (RVs) are presented for stars mainly in the south, with a number having positions consistent with association to the trailing tidal tail of the Sagittarius (Sgr) dwarf galaxy. The latter show a clear RV trend with orbital longitude, as expected from models of the orbit and destruction of Sgr. A minimum 8 kpc width of the trailing stream about the Sgr orbital midplane is implied by verified RV members. The coldness of this stream (dispersion ~10 km/s) provides upper limits on the combined contributions of stream heating by a lumpy Galactic halo and the intrinsic dispersion of released stars, which is a function of the Sgr core mass. The Sgr trailing arm is consistent with a Galactic halo containing one dominant, LMC-like lump, however some lumpier halos are not ruled out. An upper limit to the total M/L of the Sgr core is 21 in solar units. A second structure that roughly mimics expectations for wrapped, leading Sgr arm debris crosses the trailing arm in the Southern Hemisphere; however, this may also be an unrelated tidal feature. Among the <13 kpc M giants toward the South Galactic Pole are some with large RVs that identify them as halo stars, perhaps part of the Sgr leading arm near the Sun. The positions and RVs of Southern Hemisphere M giants are compared with those of southern globular clusters potentially stripped from the Sgr system and support for association of Pal 2 and Pal 12 with Sgr debris is found. Our discussion includes description of a masked-filtered cross-correlation methodology that achieves better than 1/20 of a resolution element RVs in moderate resolution spectra.
Source arXiv, astro-ph/0403701
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