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18 August 2022
  » arxiv » 2008.08507

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Identification of Néel vector orientation in antiferromagnetic domains switched by currents in NiO/Pt thin films
Christin Schmitt ; Lorenzo Baldrati ; Luis Sanchez-Tejerina ; Felix Schreiber ; Andrew Ross ; Mariia Filianina ; Shilei Ding ; Felix Fuhrmann ; Rafael Ramos ; Francesco Maccherozzi ; Dirk Backes ; Eiji Saitoh ; Giovanni Finocchio ; Mathias Kläui ;
Date 19 Aug 2020
AbstractUnderstanding the electrical manipulation of antiferromagnetic order is a crucial aspect to enable the design of antiferromagnetic devices working at THz frequency. Focusing on collinear insulating antiferromagnetic NiO/Pt thin films as a materials platform, we identify the crystallographic orientation of the domains that can be switched by currents and quantify the Néel vector direction changes. We demonstrate electrical switching between different T-domains by current pulses, finding that the Néel vector orientation in these domains is along $[pm1 pm1 3.8]$, different compared to the bulk $<11ar{2}>$ directions. The final state of the Néel vector $ extbf{n}$ switching after current pulses $ extbf{j}$ along the $[1 pm1 0]$ directions is $ extbf{n}parallel extbf{j}$. By comparing the observed Néel vector orientation and the strain in the thin films, assuming that this variation arises solely from magnetoelastic effects, we quantify the order of magnitude of the magnetoelastic coupling coefficient as $b_{0}+2b_{1}=3*10^7 J m^{-3}$ . This information is key for the understanding of current-induced switching in antiferromagnets and for the design and use of such devices as active elements in spintronic devices.
Source arXiv, 2008.08507
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