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25 September 2022
 
  » arxiv » hep-th/0501031

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Reconnection of Colliding Cosmic Strings
Amihay Hanany ; Koji Hashimoto ;
Date 6 Dec 2004
Journal JHEP 0506 (2005) 021
Subject hep-th astro-ph
AffiliationMIT) and Koji Hashimoto (Univ. of Tokyo
AbstractFor vortex strings in the Abelian Higgs model and D-strings in superstring theory, both of which can be regarded as cosmic strings, we give analytical study of reconnection (recombination, inter-commutation) when they collide, by using effective field theories on the strings. First, for the vortex strings, via a string sigma model, we verify analytically that the reconnection is classically inevitable for small collision velocity and small relative angle. Evolution of the shape of the reconnected strings provides an upper bound on the collision velocity in order for the reconnection to occur. These analytical results are in agreement with previous numerical results. On the other hand, reconnection of the D-strings is not classical but probabilistic. We show that a quantum calculation of the reconnection probability using a D-string action reproduces the nonperturbative nature of the worldsheet results by Jackson, Jones and Polchinski. The difference on the reconnection -- classically inevitable for the vortex strings while quantum mechanical for the D-strings -- is suggested to originate from the difference between the effective field theories on the strings.
Source arXiv, hep-th/0501031
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