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03 December 2021
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Extragalactic Planetary Nebulae
Holland C. Ford ; Eric W. Peng ; Kenneth C. Freeman ;
Date 2 Nov 2001
Subject astro-ph
AbstractPlanetary nebulae (PNe) can be used to trace intermediate and old stellar populations in galaxies and the intracluster medium out to approximately 20 Mpc. PNe can be easily identified with narrow-band surveys, and their chemical abundances and radial velocities can be measured with multi-slit or multi-fiber spectrographs. We briefly review what has been accomplished to date, and include tables (with references) that summarize the observations of PNe in 42 galaxies and in the intracluster media of the Virgo and Fornax clusters. The surveys for intracluster PNe suggest that between 20% and 50% of the clusters’ total stellar mass is in the intracluster medium! We illustrate the utility of PNe for dynamical studies by presenting results from a recently completed survey of Cen A (NGC 5128) with the NOAO mosaic camera on the CTIO 4-m telescope. The PNe and globular cluster surveys extend respectively to distances of 80 Kpc and 50 Kpc. We compare the kinematics of the stars in Cen A (736 PN velocities) to the kinematics of the red and blue globular clusters (188 clusters with measured velocities). The latter include 125 newly confirmed globular clusters from our survey.
Source arXiv, astro-ph/0111035
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