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03 December 2021
 
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Nonperturbative heat kernel and nonlocal effective action
A.O.Barvinsky ; D.V.Nesterov ;
Date 5 Feb 2004
Subject High Energy Physics - Theory; Mathematical Physics | hep-th gr-qc math-ph math.MP
AbstractWe present an overview of recent nonperturbative results in the theory of heat kernel and its late time asymptotics responsible for the infrared behavior of quantum effective action for massless theories. In particular, we derive the generalization of the Coleman-Weinberg potential to physical situations when the field is not homogeneous throughout the whole spacetime. This generalization represents a new nonlocal and nonperturbative action accounting for the effects of a transition domain between the spacetime interior and its infinity. In four dimensions these effects delocalize the logarithmic Coleman-Weinberg potential, while in $d>4$ they are dominated by new powerlike and renormalization-independent nonlocal structure. Nonperturbative behavior of the heat kernel is also constructed in curved spacetime with asymptotically-flat geometry, and its conformal properties are analyzed for conformally invariant scalar field. The problem of disentangling the local cosmological term from nonlocal effective action is discussed.
Source arXiv, hep-th/0402043
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