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24 June 2024
 
  » arxiv » 2302.00146

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Gyri vs. Sulci: Disentangling Brain Core-Periphery Functional Networks via Twin-Transformer
Xiaowei Yu ; Lu Zhang ; Haixing Dai ; Lin Zhao ; Yanjun Lyu ; Zihao Wu ; Tianming Liu ; Dajiang Zhu ;
Date 1 Feb 2023
AbstractThe human cerebral cortex is highly convoluted into convex gyri and concave sulci. It has been demonstrated that gyri and sulci are significantly different in their anatomy, connectivity, and function, besides exhibiting opposite shape patterns, long-distance axonal fibers connected to gyri are much denser than those connected to sulci, and neural signals on gyri are more complex in low-frequency while sulci are more complex in high-frequency. Although accumulating evidence shows significant differences between gyri and sulci, their primary roles in brain function have not been elucidated yet. To solve this fundamental problem, we design a novel Twin-Transformer framework to unveil the unique functional roles of gyri and sulci as well as their relationship in the whole brain function. Our Twin-Transformer framework adopts two structure-identical (twin) Transformers to disentangle spatial-temporal patterns of gyri and sulci, one focuses on the information of gyri and the other is on sulci. The Gyro-Sulcal interactions, along with the tremendous but widely existing variability across subjects, are characterized in the loss design. We validated our Twin-Transformer on the HCP task-fMRI dataset, for the first time, to elucidate the different roles of gyri and sulci in brain function. Our results suggest that gyri and sulci could work together in a core-periphery network manner, that is, gyri could serve as core networks for information gathering and distributing, while sulci could serve as periphery networks for specific local information processing. These findings have shed new light on our fundamental understanding of the brain’s basic structural and functional mechanisms.
Source arXiv, 2302.00146
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