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24 June 2024
 
  » arxiv » 2302.00171

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Active Uncertainty Reduction for Safe and Efficient Interaction Planning: A Shielding-Aware Dual Control Approach
Haimin Hu ; David Isele ; Sangjae Bae ; Jaime F. Fisac ;
Date 1 Feb 2023
AbstractThe ability to accurately predict the opponent’s behavior is central to the safety and efficiency of robotic systems in interactive settings, such as human-robot interaction and multi-robot teaming tasks. Unfortunately, robots often lack access to key information on which these predictions may hinge, such as opponent’s goals, attention, and willingness to cooperate. Dual control theory addresses this challenge by treating unknown parameters of a predictive model as hidden states and inferring their values at runtime using information gathered during system operation. While able to optimally and automatically trade off exploration and exploitation, dual control is computationally intractable for general interactive motion planning. In this paper, we present a novel algorithmic approach to enable active uncertainty reduction for interactive motion planning based on the implicit dual control paradigm. Our approach relies on sampling-based approximation of stochastic dynamic programming, leading to a model predictive control problem. The resulting policy is shown to preserve the dual control effect for a broad class of predictive models with both continuous and categorical uncertainty. To ensure the safe operation of the interacting agents, we leverage a supervisory control scheme, oftentimes referred to as ’’shielding’’, which overrides the ego agent’s dual control policy with a safety fallback strategy when a safety-critical event is imminent. We then augment the dual control framework with an improved variant of the recently proposed shielding-aware robust planning scheme, which proactively balances the nominal planning performance with the risk of high-cost emergency maneuvers triggered by low-probability opponent’s behaviors. We demonstrate the efficacy of our approach with both simulated driving examples and hardware experiments using 1/10 scale autonomous vehicles.
Source arXiv, 2302.00171
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