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24 June 2024
 
  » arxiv » 2302.00173

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Efficiency of neural-network state representations of one-dimensional quantum spin systems
Ruizhi Pan ; Charles W. Clark ;
Date 1 Feb 2023
AbstractNeural-network state representations of quantum many-body systems are attracting great attention and more rigorous quantitative analysis about their expressibility and complexity is warranted. Our analysis of the restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) state representation of one-dimensional (1D) quantum spin systems provides new insight into their computational complexity. We define a class of long-range-fast-decay (LRFD) RBM states with quantifiable upper bounds on truncation errors and provide numerical evidence for a large class of 1D quantum systems that may be approximated by LRFD RBMs of at most polynomial complexities. These results lead us to conjecture that the ground states of a wide range of quantum systems may be exactly represented by LRFD RBMs or a variant of them, even in cases where other state representations become less efficient. At last, we provide the relations between multiple typical state manifolds. Our work proposes a paradigm for doing complexity analysis for generic long-range RBMs which naturally yields a further classification of this manifold. This paradigm and our characterization of their nonlocal structures may pave the way for understanding the natural measure of complexity for quantum many-body states described by RBMs and are generalizable for higher-dimensional systems and deep neural-network quantum states.
Source arXiv, 2302.00173
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