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24 June 2024
 
  » arxiv » 2302.00186

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Magnetochemical coupling effects on thermodynamics, point-defect formation and diffusion in Fe-Ni alloys: a theoretical study
Kangming Li ;
Date 1 Feb 2023
AbstractThis thesis is a theoretical study of thermodynamic, point-defect formation and diffusion properties in Fe-Ni alloys with a focus on the magnetochemical effects. The results are derived from density functional theory (DFT) calculations and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations using a DFT-parametrized effective interaction model (EIM) with explicit atomic and spin variables. The first part of this work is focused on thermodynamics. We compute via DFT energetic, magnetic and vibrational properties and the bcc-fcc phase diagram, revealing the relative importance between magnetic and vibrational entropies. Combining MC simulations with the EIM, we obtain an fcc phase diagram across the Curie points. We also discuss Mn and Cr effects on phase stability. The second part of the work is dedicated to point-defect properties. We develop MC schemes to compute vacancy formation free energy in alloys. We show that vacancy formation in fcc Fe and Ni exhibits features that are well distinct from those in bcc Fe. The results in fcc Fe-Ni alloys reveal that magnetic disorder tends to increase vacancy formation free energy, while chemical disorder shows an opposite effect. We also study magnetic effects on the properties of self-interstitials in fcc Fe and Ni. The final part of the work is devoted to vacancy-mediated diffusion. We evaluate diffusion properties over the whole concentration range, probe into the magnetochemical effects on diffusion. This work fully takes into account the impacts of transversal and longitudinal spin fluctuations and the magnetochemical interplay. It provides an accurate and consistent prediction of thermodynamic, defect formation and diffusion properties in the Fe-Ni system, and contributes to a better understanding of effects of magnetism in austenitic steels. The applied approach is also transferable to the investigation of other magnetic alloys.
Source arXiv, 2302.00186
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