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24 June 2024
 
  » arxiv » 2302.00223

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Phase space analysis of the bouncing universe with stringy effects
Alfredo D. Millano ; Kimet Jusufi ; Genly Leon ;
Date 1 Feb 2023
AbstractWe use the recently modified Friedmann equations obtained from string T-duality effects that encode the zero-point length (Phys. Lett. B 836 (2023), 137621) to study the phase space analyses of a bouncing early universe. An important implication of such stringy effects is that they can alleviate the initial singularity since the Raychaudhuri equation is modified. We investigate if the Universe can undergo an accelerated expansion phase for a specific domain of the equation of state parameter. The stringy effects are encoded in the parameter $Gamma$, which depends not only on the zero-point length but also on the state parameter $omega$. We construct two dynamical systems depending on whether $-1 < omega leq -1/3$ and $omega geq -1/3$, and we classify the equilibrium points of each system. Exact solutions and cosmological implications are discussed.
Source arXiv, 2302.00223
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