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24 June 2024
 
  » arxiv » 2302.00258

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Extended R-matrix description of two-proton radioactivity
Zhaozhan Zhang ; Cenxi Yuan ; Chong Qi ; Boshuai Cai ; Xinxing Xu ;
Date 1 Feb 2023
AbstractTwo-proton ($2p$) radioactivity provides fundamental knowledge on the three-body decay mechanism and the residual nuclear interaction. In this work, we propose decay width formulae in the extended R-matrix framework for different decay mechanisms, including sequential $2p$ decay, diproton decay, tri-body decay, and sequential two-diproton decay. The diproton and tri-body formulae, combined with information on the two-nucleon transfer amplitude and Wigner single-particle reduced width, can reproduce well experimental $2p$ radioactivity half-lives. For the case of $^{67}$Kr, theoretical predictions for direct $2p$ decay give much larger half-lives than the recent measurement from RIKEN. A combination of direct and sequential $2p$ emission is analyzed by considering a small negative one-proton separation energy and a possible enhanced contribution from the $p$-wave component. The present method predicts that $^{71}$Sr and $^{74}$Zr may be the most promising candidates for future study on $2p$ radioactivity. Our model gives an upper limit of 55(4) keV for the decay width of $4p$ emission in recently found four-proton resonant nuclide, $^{18}$Mg, which agrees with the observed width of 115(100) keV.
Source arXiv, 2302.00258
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