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24 June 2024
 
  » arxiv » 2302.00260

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Monitoring observations of SMC X-1's excursions (MOOSE)-II: A new excursion accompanies spin-up acceleration
Chin-Ping Hu ; Kristen C. Dage ; William I. Clarkson ; McKinley Brumback ; Philip A. Charles ; Daryl Haggard ; Ryan C. Hickox ; Tatehiro Mihara ; Arash Bahramian ; Rawan Karam ; Wasundara Athukoralalage ; Diego Altamirano ; Joey Neilsen ; Jamie Kennea ;
Date 1 Feb 2023
AbstractSMC X-1 is a high-mass X-ray binary showing superorbital modulation with an unstable period. Previous monitoring shows three excursion events in 1996--1998, 2005--2007, and 2014--2016. The superorbital period drifts from >60 days to <40 days and then evolves back during an excursion. Here we report a new excursion event of SMC X-1 in 2020--2021, indicating that the superorbital modulation has an unpredictable, chaotic nature. We trace the spin-period evolution and find that the spin-up rate accelerated one year before the onset of this new excursion, which suggests a possible inside-out process connecting the spin-up acceleration and the superorbital excursion. This results in a deviation of the spin period residual, similar to the behaviour of the first excursion in 1996--1998. In further analysis of the pulse profile evolution, we find that the pulsed fraction shows a long-term evolution and may be connected to the superorbital excursion. These discoveries deepen the mystery of SMC X-1 because they cannot be solely interpreted by the warped disc model. Upcoming pointed observations and theoretical studies may improve our understanding of the detailed accretion mechanisms taking place.
Source arXiv, 2302.00260
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