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24 June 2024
  » arxiv » 2302.00399

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Survey for Distant Solar Twins (SDST) -- III. Identification of new solar twin and solar analogue stars
Christian Lehmann ; Michael T. Murphy ; Fan Liu ; Chris Flynn ; Daniel Smith ; Daniel A. Berke ;
Date 1 Feb 2023
AbstractThe Survey for Distant Solar Twins (SDST) aims to find stars very similar to the Sun at distances 1-4 kpc, several times more distant than any currently known solar twins and analogues. The goal is to identify the best stars with which to test whether the fine-structure constant, alpha, varies with dark matter density in our Galaxy. Here we use EPIC, our line-by-line differential technique, to measure the stellar parameters - effective temperature Teff, surface gravity log g, metallicity [Fe/H] - from moderate resolution (R < 32,000) spectra of 877 solar twin and analogue candidates (547 at 1-4 kpc) observed with the HERMES spectrograph on the Anglo-Australian Telescope. These are consistent with expectations for Teff and log g from photometry, and for [Fe/H] from the Besancon stellar population model. EPIC provides small enough uncertainties (~90 K, 0.08 dex, 0.05 dex, respectively), even at the low signal-to-noise ratios available (S/N >~ 25 per pixel), to identify 299 new solar analogues (> 90% confidence), and 20 solar twins (>50% confidence), 206 and 12 of which are at 1-4 kpc. By extending EPIC to measure line broadening and lithium abundance from HERMES spectra, and with ages derived from isochrone fitting with our stellar parameters, we identify 174 solar analogues at 1-4 kpc which are relatively inactive, slowly rotating, and with no evidence of spectroscopic binarity. These are the preferred targets for follow-up spectroscopy to measure alpha.
Source arXiv, 2302.00399
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