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Physical States and Gauge Independence of the EnergyMomentum Tensor in Quantum Electrodynamics  Taro Kashiwa
; Naoki Tanimura
;  Date: 
29 May 1996  Abstract:  Discussions are made on the relationship between physical states and gauge independence in QED. As the first candidate take the LSZasymptotic states in a covariant canonical formalism to investigate gauge independence of the (Belinfante’s) symmetric energymomentum tensor. It is shown that expectation values of the energymomentum tensor in terms of those asymptotic states are gauge independent to all orders. Second, consider gauge invariant operators of electron or photon, such as the Dirac’s electron or Steinmann’s covariant approach, expecting a gauge invariant result without any restriction. It is, however, demonstrated that to single out gauge invariant quantities is merely synonymous to a gauge fixing, resulting again in use of the asymptotic condition when proving gauge independence. Nevertheless, it is commented that these invariant approaches is helpful to understand the mechanism of the LSZmapping and furthermore of quark confinement in QCD. As the final candidate, it is shown that gauge transformations are freely performed under the functional representation or the path integral expression on account of the fact that the functional space is equivalent to a collection of infinitely many inequivalent Fock spaces. The covariant LSZ formalism is shortly reviewed and the basic facts on the energymomentum tensor are also illustrated.  Source:  arXiv, hepth/9605207  Services:  Forum  Review  PDF  Favorites 


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