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Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics Is Incorrect  GuangLiang Li
; Victor O. K. Li
;  Date: 
13 Sep 2005  Subject:  quantph  Abstract:  (A pointbypoint response to a comment (quantph/0509130) on our paper (quantph/0509089) is added as Appendix C. We find the comment incorrect.) Einstein’s criticism of the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics is an important part of his legacy. Although most physicists consider Einstein’s criticism technically unfounded, we show that the Copenhagen interpretation is actually incorrect, since Born’s probability explanation of the wave function is incorrect due to a false assumption on "continuous probabilities" in modern probability theory. "Continuous probability" means a "probability measure" that can take every value in a subinterval of the unit interval (0, 1). We prove that such "continuous probabilities" are invalid. Since Bell’s inequality also assumes "continuous probabilities", the result of the experimental test of Bell’s inequality is not evidence supporting the Copenhagen interpretation. Although successful applications of quantum mechanics and explanation of quantum phenomena do not necessarily rely on the Copenhagen interpretation, the question asked by Einstein 70 years ago, i.e., whether a complete description of reality exists, still remains open.  Source:  arXiv, quantph/0509089  Services:  Forum  Review  PDF  Favorites 


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