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18 January 2022
  » pubmed » pmid15089224

 Article overview

Conductance of a quantum wire in the Wigner-crystal regime
K A Matveev ;
Date 12 Mar 2004
Journal Phys Rev Lett, 92 (10), 106801
AbstractWe study the effect of Coulomb interactions on the conductance of a single-mode quantum wire connecting two bulk leads. When the density of electrons in the wire is very low, they arrange in a finite-length Wigner crystal. In this regime the electron spins form an antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain with an exponentially small coupling J. An electric current in the wire perturbs the spin chain and gives rise to a temperature-dependent contribution of the spin subsystem to the resistance. At low temperature T<<J this effect is small, and the conductance of the wire remains close to 2e2/h. At T>>J the spin effect reduces the conductance to e2/h.
Source PubMed, pmid15089224
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