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19 January 2022
 
  » arxiv » cond-mat/0507145

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Oxidation Resistant Germanium Nanowires: Bulk Synthesis, Long Chain Alkanethiol Functionalization and Langmuir-Blodgett Assembly
Dunwei Wang ; Ying-Lan Chang ; Zhuang Liu ; Hongjie Dai ;
Date 6 Jul 2005
Subject Materials Science | cond-mat.mtrl-sci
AbstractA simple method is developed to synthesize gram quantities of uniform Ge nanowires (GeNWs) by chemical vapor deposition on preformed, monodispersed seed-particles loaded onto high surface area silica support. Various chemical functionalization schemes are investigated to passivate the GeNW surfaces using alkanethiols and alkyl Grignard reactions. The stability of functionalization against oxidation of germanium for various alkyl chain lengths is elucidated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Among all schemes tested, long chain alkanethiols (>=C12) are found to impart the most stable GeNW passivation against oxidation upon extended exposure to ambient air. Further, the chemically functionalized oxidation-resistant nanowires are soluble in organic solvents and can be readily assembled into close-packed Langmuir-Blodgett films potentially useful for future high performance electronic devices.
Source arXiv, cond-mat/0507145
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